Goal 13: Climate Action

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

The global climate is changing faster than had previously been assumed. This is not only resulting in different local weather, but is changing the vegetation of entire regions and triggering major natural disasters.

Anthropogenic climate change affects all of us, but the impacts are most serious for the poorest and most vulnerable people. Sea levels are rising and we are seeing more and more extreme weather events. Droughts are destroying more and more harvests, while flooding and storms are laying waste to vast tracts of land elsewhere. This is caused by excessive emissions of greenhouse gases, especially during power generation, manufacturing, transport and in road traffic. The commitments laid out in the Paris Agreement are not yet being adequately implemented.

What must be done?

The Paris Agreement on climate change provides for keeping global temperature rise well below 2 degree Celsius in relation to pre-industrial times. It is the industrialised countries that are called on to act here, since they emit the vast majority of greenhouse gases. These emissions must immediately be significantly reduced. To this end, industry must shift to renewable energies and, like consumers, reduce their energy and fuel consumption. National policies must impose directives – and enforce them. But the people too must adapt to climate change and take precautionary action. Dykes can provide protection against flooding, and farmers can sow varieties better suited to the changed climatic conditions. Developing countries in particular need support to enable them to take precautions and develop their economies along climate-neutral lines.

Facts and figures

  • Since 1990 global emissions of CO2 have risen by almost 50 per cent.
  • If the temperature rises by 1° Celsius, worldwide cereal harvests drop by 5 per cent. Between 1981 and 2002 this resulted in annual decline of 40 mega tonnes in cereal harvests.
  • Sea levels rose by 19 centimetres between 1901 and 2010. It is estimated that levels will rise by up to 63 centimetres by 2100.

13.1 Adaption to climate change

Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries

13.2 National policies for climate protection

Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

13.3 Improve awareness-raising and capacities

Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

13.a Financial assistance for developing countries

Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible

13.b Increasing capacities in least developed countries

Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities

 Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international,
intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change.

“Our planet cannot be saved unless we leave fossil fuels in the ground where they belong. An upheaval and massive change is required, now. One that leads to a new collective consciousness. A new collective evolution of the human race, inspired and enabled by a sense of urgency from all of you.”

Source: leonardodicaprio.org

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