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A degree in German Studies opens up many different career opportunities

If you think a degree in German Studies only equips you to be a German teacher, think again! German Studies offers huge potential for jobs in fields as varied as the arts and journalism. German Studies graduates are generalists and have lots of transferable skills.

German Studies graduates work as editors in publishing houses, librarians or documentalists, find jobs as cultural managers or journalists, run press offices, or write novels and textbooks. And of course they teach German too, in German schools, for the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), or at a Goethe-Institut, the German Government’s cultural and language learning arm.

Some German studies graduates combine teaching German as a foreign language with translation or interpreting. Marisa Janku from Albania is one example. After obtaining her degree in German Studies, Marisa wanted to train further. She won a DAAD grant to go to Jena’s Friedrich Schiller University to study for an international Master‘s in teaching German abroad as a foreign language or as a second language.

German Studies graduates like Marisa Janku are versatile generalists, with skills and expertise in a wide range of areas. If they don’t go on to teach German, they often work in areas that revolve around communication or where they will be researching and disseminating information, such as corporate communications or journalism. German Studies graduates also tend to be successful in the fields of advertising, publishing and PR as well as at research institutes, media companies or libraries.

The importance of the German language

The German business magazine Wirtschaftswoche found that German is the tenth most widely spoken language in the world, with 105 million mother-tongue speakers and a total of 185 million speakers worldwide. What’s more, German is becoming increasingly popular: Goethe-Institutes around the world report rising numbers of students enrolling for language courses, and in 2011, nearly 235,000 people were learning German at one of their centres.

The German current affairs weekly Der Spiegel says that there has been a rise of eight percent in German language learning, attributing the boom to the global economic crisis. And in an interview with the magazine, the President of the Goethe-Institut, Klaus-Dieter Lehmann, says it is primarily young people who are showing an interest in German as a foreign language, ‘not because they want to read Goethe and Schiller in the original but because they want to get ahead in their careers.’

Career opportunities for German studies graduates in the field of literature and culture mediation abroad

N'Golo Konare from the Malian capital, Bamako, is also a German teacher and studied at Philipps-Universität in Marburg. His students are, in fact, soldiers, but as well as teaching them the German language, he is also introducing them to German culture.

The DAAD helps German Studies graduates to find work as language assistants in German Studies departments in universities in non-German speaking countries. In that role, they provide instruction in the German language but also act as cultural and literary mediators. Their appointments are usually for between three and five years.

Staff at Goethe-Instituts have a complex range of roles: as well as public relations work and providing information about German culture, both in Germany and outside the country, they may also be teaching language, literature or area studies classes, putting on plays and film screenings, and arranging talks, concerts and exhibitions.

German Studies degree courses

‘German Studies’ covers a wide range of subject areas. Students read classical literature and study the German language, but may also familiarise themselves with more contemporary literature and aspects of linguistics. They usually decide during the course of their studies to specialise in one particular area, however, and most decide before they embark on their course whether they want to train as teachers or obtain a more general Bachelor’s degree. Whichever they choose, one thing is clear: a degree in German studies means reading – and lots of it!

Practice is just as important as theory: a German Studies degree usually enables students to acquire initial work experience in the form of a four- to eight-week work experience placement, which is a requirement at virtually all universities. The placement can be completed at a cultural institution, a publishing house, a media company, a library or bookshop, or a theatre or museum. A placement is often the first step towards the student’s subsequent career: it is during the placement that students often find their vocation, whether as editorial assistants, journalists or cultural managers.

Where can I find a German Studies course?

All major universities in Germany – around 50 of them – offer German Studies courses, and students can usually opt before enrolling to train for a career in teaching or to take a combined honours Bachelor’s degree. In the case of the combined honours, they can take German Studies with a minor in a foreign language. Students training for a career in teaching take a Bachelor’s degree before moving on either to a Master’s in teaching or a state-recognised teaching qualification.

German Studies graduates from both pathways may also go on to do a Master’s that will prepare them not for teaching but for an academic career, leading to a PhD and the second doctoral thesis that opens the way to tenure-track academic posts in Germany. The Master’s builds on knowledge acquired during the Bachelor’s degree and deepens it by focusing on one particular area. There is a very wide range of possible combinations. The University of Freiburg, for example, offers a Master’s in ‘International Literary Studies’; the Technical University of Dresden runs a Master’s in ‘Culture and Communication’; the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt/Oder offers ‘German Studies as Cultural Studies’; and students at the Technical University of Aachen can take a course in ‘General and German Literary Studies’.

One unique course offered in Germany is the Master’s in ‘Intercultural German Studies, Germany and China‘, organised jointly by the Universities of Göttingen and Nanjing and the Beijing Foreign Studies University. Students are awarded two Master’s degrees, one German and one Chinese. Someone with a degree in German Studies from the University of Göttingen is alumna Professor Kim Chung-Ok. After her German Studies course at the University between 1969 and 1977, she completed her doctorate at Dan Kuk University in Seoul, going on to teach and research German Studies in Jun Jun and Seoul between 1979 and 2001. Since August 2005, Professor Kim has been Director of the Kim Hee-Kyung Fellowship Foundation for European Studies in Seoul, which supports doctoral students and researchers in the humanities across Europe.

July 2013

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Ruchi Kharat
30 July 2019

I have done my bachelor's degree in IT and have completed B2.2 level in the German Language (not from Goethe Institute, but in accordance with CEFR) and am working as a German Translator and Interpreter in India since 2016. I'm interested to carry on with my career in German Language but I'm confused between doing a course in translation and/or interpretation and doing a course in some software so that I can combine my foreign language skills with it.
Could anyone please suggest a proper solution based on your knowledge and experience? Suggestions concerning any new option are also welcome.
Thanks in advance.

APD Redaktionsteam
4 July 2019

Dear anahita,

On the website of Goethe-Institut New Delhi you will find a lot of information on the exams: https://www.goethe.de/ins/in/en/sta/new/prf.html Please find a section with practice exercise: https://www.goethe.de/ins/in/en/sta/new/prf/bar.html

Concerning your question on the career: It all depends what kind of career you're opting for and also in which field you want to work as there are different requirements. On the website "Make it Germany" you will find valueable information on making a career in Germany: https://www.make-it-in-germany.com/en/ You can also talk to respective staff at Goethe-Institut New Delhi, they might also help you.

All the best for you and kind regards,
Your Alumniportal Deutschland Team

3 July 2019

currently I am pursuing my bachelors in political science in Delhi and am learning German as well, ill be giving exam for A1 level soon at Goethe Delhi. can you give me some tips for the exam also Wanted to know for career options after completing the course. and how many levels should one complete in order to establish a career.

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