Food security is a global problem and feeding the world's rising population is one of the most pressing issues of the day. The introduction of appropriate animal welfare practices could address this problem, as livestock play an important role in both direct and indirect food security. Livestock provide food, jobs, income, draft power, and fertilizer for cultivable crops, among other things.
The conditions under which animals are kept have improved in both industrialized and developing countries. In most developed countries, people are increasingly concerned about animal welfare and demand that farm animals should not be subjected to pain or suffering at any time, including during slaughter.
Economically, animals produce more and higher quality products when they are kept in good conditions. On the other hand, if an animal is stressed during production or slaughter, it leaves a lower quality carcass, which in turn negatively impacts the shelf life and economic value of the product. Finally, the 'One Welfare' concept also recognizes the link between animal, human and environmental welfare.